Skeletni sistem 3D modeli

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I modeli anatomije 3D su popularni, među njima možete pronaći i 3D modele skeletnog sistema.

Skelet je skup kostiju, tkiva hrskavice i ligamenata koji ih jačaju. Najstariji poznati skeletni organizam danas se smatra sponorskim stvorenjem Coronacollina acula koje je živjelo na dnu oceana ispred južnih obala Australije 550 – 560 prije više od milijun godina. Po izgledu je ličio na naprstak iz kojeg su se radijalno povlačili direktni zraci, koji su služili kao kostur. Stari metod izrade skeleta je da se trup osuši na suncu ili u vrelom pesku.

Skeleti se obično dijele na tri vrste: vanjski (egzoskelet), unutarnji (endoskeleton) i tekući (hidrostatski kostur).

All vertebrates are characterized by the presence of an internal skeleton (endoskeleton), although there are species in which the endoskeleton is supplemented to a varying degree by the developed external skeleton (exoskeleton) appearing in the skin (for example, bone scales in some fish species). The appearance of a solid skeleton (the outer skeleton of invertebrates) made it possible to protect the body from harmful external influences of the environment. The appearance of the endoskeleton in vertebrates became the skeleton (support and support) for soft tissues, and the transformation of individual parts of the skeleton into levers set in motion by means of muscles gave a new function to the skeleton – the locomotive. Thus, the mechanical function of the skeleton is manifested in the ability to support (attachment of soft tissues and organs to bone tissue), movement (a certain structure of long tubular bones connected by movable joints and set in motion by muscles controlled by impulses from the nervous system) and protection (formation of individual bones of the canal, box, bone cell or bone container). The vertebral canal and cranium protect the tissues and organs of the nervous system, the thorax – the vital organs of the chest cavity (heart and lungs), and the pelvis – the reproductive organs and the bladder. Along with the mechanical function, the vertebrate skeleton also performs a biological function – participation in the body’s metabolism, especially mineral (the skeleton is the container of phosphorus, calcium, iron and other substances), and also performs the hematopoietic function, not only being a defense for the bone marrow, but also presenting it an organic part.

Popular file formats for skeletal system 3D models: 3ds, max, dxf, fbx, c4d, dae, lwo, hrc, xsi, obj